1. Theoretical presentation

One active ally can change the dynamic of the community where invisible racism take place and it can inhibit the escalation of injustice. If we would like to promote active, prosocial behavior between youngsters, the following goals can guide us during the preparation of a learning journey.

  • Create and renegotiate group norms 

Unspoken rules governing community life may seem clear to us, they need to be the subject of active debate. On the one hand, the norms and rules that adolescents formulate themselves will be closer to youngsters and they will commit to them more. On the other hand it can also help to assess uncertain situations by leaving room for discussion.

  • Raise awareness

Knowledge of how to recognize unjust and hurtful situations is essential to identifying problems. The reduction of uncertainty can be started by jointly defining the need for action.

  • Explore the alternatives for action

If we can not imagine how to intervene, we will stay silent. In order to act, the representation of the possibilities and the knowledge of their aftermath are essential. As educators we need to facilitate conversation on different alternatives, because these ideas will be the base for mobilization. 

  • Practice action and intervention

It is not enough to know what opportunities we have, we also need to know how to move. Teachers, youth workers can help young people to try out and get familiar with different alternatives in a safe space.

  • Strengthening self-efficacy

Feeling competent is a powerful driving force. In providing help and support, but also in other areas of life. If we support young people to find their voices, and we use positive affirmation, their willingness to intervene will also increase.

2. Online game

Anna Frank House has a really great online game which is dealing with the topic of discrimination, bullying and the perspective of the bystander. Try this game where you are part of the community.


3. Test your knowledge

4. Lesson materials

Now we would like to invite you to get familiar with relevant activities from our manual and if you have more ideas feel free to recommend it to others in the forum.

Water the tree

What would you do

5. Further reading

Mulvey, K. L., Gönültaş, S., Irdam, G., Carlson, R. G., DiStefano, C., & Irvin, M. J. (2021). School and Teacher Factors That Promote Adolescents’ Bystander Responses to Social Exclusion. Frontiers in psychology, 3776.

Onlive manual, about cyberbulling, developed by Cazalla Intercultural, Replay Network, Ayuntamiento de Lorca, Pistes Solidaires, Info Front and Piaget Diaz.

6. Feedback time

Strongly DisagreeDisagreeNeutralAgreeStrongly Agree
I've learned something new
I've enjoyed the mooc so far
It's useful for my work